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OUGD501: Context of Practice 2 (Seminar) - Identity

Recap from the lecture
  • Essentialism 
  • Physiognomy - the outlook, because people are born in a certain environment, having a certain identity. 
  • Anti-Essentialism - Society shapes us as people, and we don’t have any defining characteristics, but we’re formed by socialism.  
Identity and the other in visual representation
  • Creation of identities
  • concepts of otherness
  • Analysis of visual example
  • Identity - who we are and how others perceive who we are
  • Identity creation - What makes you, you?
  • The way you dress/present yourself
  • How you speak/mannerisms
  • Where you’re from
  • Level of social skills/who you surround yourself with
  • Interests
  • Upbringing/background/genetics
  • Physical Attributes (deformities)
  • Fear
  • Sense of Humour 
  • Skills and abilities/what you can do for society
  • Religion and Beliefs
  • Gender
  • Sexuality
How do you express your identity?
  • The way you dress/present yourself - conspicuous consumption
  • Your way of speaking
  • Life style choices
  • Body modifications
  • Job/Profession/Vocation
  • Emotional Availability 
  • Social Networking
  • Reality vs projected identity.
Circuit of Culture - Stuart Hall
  • Culture is the framework within which our identities are formed, expressed and regulated.
  • Identity formation
  • Process from psychoanalysis
Jacques LACAN
  • The ‘hommelette’ (french pun - man/omelette)
  • The ‘Mirror Stage’ - the key point of identity formation in the individual
  • The Mirror Stage
  • Sense of self (subjectivity) built on:
  • an illusion of wholeness
  • receiving views from others
  • Result = own subjectivity is fragile
Constructing the ‘other’
  • Problems: relives on the assumption of position and radical otherness
  • In the same way that we create our own identities we
  • Identification
  • Shores up unstable identities though the illusion of unity. 
  • Shared fashions, belief systems, values
  • — Subterranean Values (Matza, 1961)
Find an example of othering. 

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